Municipal Law -- Research Tips
Last Updated March 30, 2018
- 1 Municipal Law
- 1.1 1. Catalogs, Indexes and other Databases
- 1.2 2. Browsing Our library shelves
- 1.3 3. Primary Sources in the Law Library
- 1.4 4. Secondary Sources in the Law Library
- 1.5 5. Additional Helpful Web Sites (free of Charge)
- 1.6 6. Helpful Research Guides
- 1.7 7. Lexis Advance, Westlaw and Bloomberglaw
Following is a selective presentation of our library holdings and a brief introduction to how you would use our print and electronic resources to answer various questions related to municipal (local government) law. For additional help, you may ask any Reference Librarian for assistance.
1. Catalogs, Indexes and other Databases
Use the Diamond Law Library’s catalog, PEGASUS. Also use the University Libraries’ catalog, CLIO, to find resources at other Columbia libraries. You may also use WorldCat (go to PEGASUS and choose it from the drop down menu under CATALOGS) to find books beyond the Columbia system.
1. To find law journal articles that may contain articles on domestic municipal law, use directly CLIO, because its search engine locates both full text content as well as catalog records.
2. Sometimes, to find full-text journals, patrons feel more comfortable using familiar databases, such as JSTOR, Project Muse, Elsevier, ProQuest Direct or ProQuest Historical. They can be accessed through CLIO.
3. When you search a popular research term, you may want to use the Index to Legal PeriodicalsYou may access the latter from PEGASUS (click on Periodical and Treaty Indexes, the 3rd entry under the E-RESOURCES drop down menu, and once on the Periodical and Treaty Indexes’ screen, choose the 3rd entry again).
4. If you have the citation to a law journal, you may try our HeinOnline collection of electronic journals, which can be accessed from PEGASUS (the 1st and 2nd entries under the E-Resources drop down menu).
5. To find New York City local government documents, go to the New York City Documents web site at https://guides.library.columbia.edu/nyc).
2. Browsing Our library shelves
Few of you will use the following way to access our municipal law collection. But, if you are familiar with how a print collection is usually organized, knowing that municipal law sources are usually classified using the Library of Congress classification system (LC) is helpful.
You can search our catalog, Pegasus, by call number. Go to PEGASUS and use the “LC Call#” or “HICKS/SCHILLER Call#”option.
Here are some of the LC call numbers you may want to use: JS348 for state and local government interplay or KF5300 for local government. Few municipal law sources will use the Hicks classification system. For example, New York City laws are classified under S NY8-NY85 and some New York City court reports are classified under R NY.
3. Primary Sources in the Law Library
As a general rule the law library carries current municipal law only for New York City and the District of Columbia. New York City municipal law can be found both on the third floor, in the reserve and reference area, and on the fourth floor. Older material is located in a closed-stacks area, and if you need it you will have to page it hours or even days in advance.
New York City Law:
On the third floor you can find some NYC resources, such as The Administrative Code and Charter of the City of New York (a subject-matter compilation which covers the municipal charter and the municipal legislative law – local laws, no longer updated); and The Official Compilation of the Rules of the City of New York (a subject matter compilation of municipal administrative rules, which is popularly known as The Rules of the City of New York).
On the fourth floor, New York City sources do not have a specific location. On that floor you can locate The City of New York Council Digest, (a finding-aid tool which contains both chronological and subject-matter indexes of local bills, laws, resolutions and messages), as well as the City local laws within the New York State law collection (each year the last volume of the Laws of the State of New York contains local laws by cities, counties and towns). In addition, here is located The New York City Local Laws Advance Service (a chronological compilation of local laws).
You can find case law pertinent to the City's local laws in two publications: The New York City Housing Court Reporter is a subject-matter compilation of decisions handed down in the New York State and New York City Housing Court system.
D.C. municipal law:
The library carries both legislative and administrative DC law, LEXIS District of Columbia Code Annotated (S D6.5 2001) and The Code of D.C. Municipal Regulations (S D6.59 1999), but only the latter is on the library premises.
Local Research tips Every time you need to find a source, use the catalog, PEGASUS to see if we have it and if we do, whether you can retrieve it from the open shelf or whether you need to request it [click on request button].
Municipal law is freely available on the Internet, so if we do not carry it, and often we won't, unless it falls within the teaching and research interests of our faculty, go there.
4. Secondary Sources in the Law Library
If our municipal law collection of primary sources is limited to two jurisdictions (New York City because we are located here, and D.C. by default, as DC municipal law has the double status of municipal and “state” law), our municipal law treatise collection is quite substantial because of its constitutional ramifications and political implications. Here are some of those secondary sources that you may find useful in your research.
Municipal, Research-focused Secondary Sources
McQuillin, Eugene. The Law of Municipal Corporations (West, 1997-) This 20-volume treatise (in 30 tomes!) is jurisdiction-based and provides extensive coverage of many aspects of municipal law. It is also available on WestlawNext, from Practice Areas, under Municipal Law.
Ordinance Law Annotations, which is currently published by West. Because originally the publisher was different, this source is still popularly known as Shepard's Ordinance Law Annotations -KF5313 .S5. It is a comprehensive digest of case law which interprets or applies city and county ordinances.
Fonatana, Vincent. Municipality Liability: Law and Practice (2007-) This two-volume loose-leaf treatise focuses on civil rights litigation where the defendants are municipal entities. Earlier editions are also available in our collection.
Matthews, Thomas A. Municipal Ordinances; Text and Forms (West Group,1998-) This five-volume source (which counts 12 books!) offers detailed coverage of municipal ordinances. The fifth volume contains useful information about “how to use” and “how to access” both the text of the ordinances and of the forms. It is also available on WestlawNext, from Practice Areas, under Municipal Law.
Krane, Dale. Home Rule in America: a Fifty-State Handbook This single-volume monograph offers in-depth 50-state explanations of the complex relationship between the local and state governments.
Daniel Finkelstein and Lucas A. Ferrara. Landlord and Tenant Practice in New York (West, 1997-) This two-volume loose-leaf provides information concerning substantive and procedural issues related to landlord and tenant matters in New York State, and New York City such as nonpayment and holdover proceedings or changes to rent regulations, terminating tenancy and which includes analysis of court decisions, statutes, rules, as well as useful practitioner-created and official forms.
NYC: Rents, Markets & Trends This annual publication contains research reports by the New York City Rent Guidelines Board members on housing supply, mortgage survey, income and affordability etc.
Municipal Law - Works of Scholarship
Chester James Antieau, J. Michael, & Sandra M. Stevenson. Antieau on Local Government Law (M. Bender, 2016) The 2nd edition of this two-volume Bender publication is also available on LexisAdvance.
John Martinez. Local Government Law (West, 2012) This four-volume looseleaf is no longer updated in print, because it is also available on Westlaw.
Osborne M. Reynolds, Jr., Local Government Law (West, 2015) This 4th edition of West's Hornbook on municipal law is available in the 3rd Fl Reserves.
5. Additional Helpful Web Sites (free of Charge)
6. Helpful Research Guides
- Digital Research Guides
Start with an up-to-date digital research guide: Though the principles of researching municipal law are the same as for researching either federal or state law (look for a secondary source on the topic, or find the relevant local law or ordinance, if there is one; make sure that you know how agencies have detailed it and courts have applied it, and then update your results), due to its specificity, you should start with a research guide.
Remember that the best way to find a research guide is to do a Google search for municipal law research guides, (which you may limit to .edu and .gov sites through a Google advanced search).
Here are a couple of such guides, to exemplify the gambit of results you may obtain: (a) UC San Diego's Law Research Guide: Local/Municipal Law, and (b) Pace Law School Library's Land Use, Planning, and Zoning Legal Research Guide: Local Laws.
- Print Research Guides
In the reference area, our library carries a good collection (arranged in alphabetical order) of research guides for 36 states of the union (including DC). For some of those states the library has multiple guides. To find them perform a subject search in Pegasus for “Legal Research -- [name of the state]”. You may start your research with those guides, because some may have a good section on that state’s municipal law.
For example, to find a guide on Illinois municipal law, go to Pegasus and perform a subject search by typing “Legal Research -- Illinois.” First on your result-list is Wojcik’s Illinois Legal Research; its fifth chapter focuses on Illinois municipal ordinances.
- Print Research Guide -- NYC municipal law:
New York City Legal Research in Gibson’s New York Legal Research Guide (4th ed) (2014)
Ellen Gibson wrote the clearest and most comprehensive legal research guide to New York state law. She continued on the same principles and accomplished the task for New York City municipal law as well. This is a must for students, researchers and practitioners interested in our city’s laws. William H. Manz revised this third edition.
7. Lexis Advance, Westlaw and Bloomberglaw
LexisAdvance covers some municipal codes. To discover them,
1. Start writing "Municipal Codes" in the "Search Bar," or
2. Start writing the name of the municipality - e.i., "New York City".
On Westlaw municipal law is available under various state laws. For New York City Municipal materials, click on the "State Law" tab, choose New York, then click on New York City Municipal Materials, listed under tools and resources.
Finally, Bloomberglaw covers some municipal codes, as well.
1. From the main page - "Getting Started" - click on state law,
2. From the USA interactive map choose the state you want, e.i., "New York,"
3. Click on "N.Y. Legislative," and
4. Click on the available municipality, e.i., "New York City."
Written by Dana Neacşu, Librarian & Lecturer. Last Updated March 30, 2018. Please send your comments regarding this research-aid tool to her at email@example.com.