My own case was narrowly focused on the government's ridiculous distinction between crypto source code printed on paper and crypto source code on electronic media. The other two challenges to US encryption export regulations, the Bernstein and Junger cases, are broader Constitutional attacks, and they continue through the appeals process. Junger got a ringing endorsement from the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals that was even more noteworthy in coming out after the January regulations. With two separate appellate courts now holding that source code is protected by the First Amendment, I think things are in much better shape than they were when I started my quest six and a half years ago.
There are still some legal documents that I have not yet put up here. I will
do that as I get the chance. (21 Jun 2000)
But this floppy disk, a verbatim copy of the source code printed in the book, was formally designated as a "defense article under category XIII(b)(1) of the United States Munitions List"!
More recently, it was reclassified as a controlled "Encryption Item" (EI)
that still cannot be legally exported from the US even though this code (and
more) has been on non-US Internet sites for years.
The State Department ruled that even though the book itself is "in the public domain" and hence outside their jurisdiction, a floppy disk containing the exact same source code as printed in the book is a "munition" requiring a license to export. It's old news that the US Government believes only Americans (and maybe a few Canadians) can write C code, but now they have apparently decided that foreigners can't type either!
In the past three years I have taken my case to all three branches of the federal government. Here is the full case history in the Executive and Judicial branches, including all my correspondence with the US State Department, the Bureau of Export Administration (BXA) in the Commerce Department, the US District Court for the District of Columbia, and the Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit.
Judge Richey, who originally heard my case, died in March 1997. He has been replaced by Judge Louis Oberdorfer, in whose court we have filed an amended complaint after Commerce turned us down under the new rules.
On June 26, 1996 I described my case in testimony to the US Senate Subcommittee on Science, Space and Technology chaired by Senator Conrad Burns. On March 20, 1997 I appeared before the House Subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property. Here is an archive of my testimony to those two Congressional panels.
I would like to express my sincere appreciation to EFF and to Ken Bass K4EVH and Tom Cooper, my attorneys at Venable, Baetjer, Howard & Civiletti for their support in this case. Stay tuned!
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Last updated: 6 Mar 1998